You will have a lot to learn and many decisions to make if you’re diagnosed with breast cancer.
Don’t get lost in unfamiliar breast cancer jargon; instead, use this glossary as your reference guide for breast cancer facts and information.
The most common type of breast cancer, which begins in glandular tissues of the breast.
Additional therapy used in conjunction with another treatment; for example, using hormone therapy or chemotherapy in addition to surgery to treat breast cancer.
Newer drugs used to treat breast cancer; they reduce estrogen production and are considered a type of hormone therapy.
Procedure that uses a needle to remove fluid from a lump.
Benign breast condition in which there are abnormalities of the breast; though not cancer, it is a risk factor for breast cancer.
Located in the armpit.
Non-cancerous; a benign tumor means there is no cancer present.
Biological therapy (immunotherapy):
A type of breast cancer treatment that boosts the body’s immune system and increases its ability to fight cancer.
Diagnostic procedure that involves removing a small sample of suspicious tissue to determine whether or not it is cancerous; a suspicious breast lump will be biopsied to look for cancer cells.
BRCA1 and BRCA2:
The two genes that, when mutated, are the cause of most inherited forms of breast and ovarian cancers.
Type of cancer that originates in the cells that form the lining of a gland or organ.
Type of cancer treatment that involves drugs to destroy cancer cells. It’s often used in conjunction with other forms of breast cancer treatment.